Product Construction – Scientific Application

Scientific Application

<Purpose>

Question: How does slope of ramp affects (changes) amount of work to pull an object?

What We Will Find Out: In this experiment, we will pull an object up the inclined plane, 0.10m vertically and measure slope and effort force. We did for 5 ramps and compare, how slope of ramp affects (changes) effort force.

Hypothesis & Explanation: I think as slope gets steeper amount of work will increase. If slope get steeper effort distance will get shorter because, rise of ramps has to be same and length of run is decreasing.  So, if effort distance gets shorter the more newton will be required to pull an object, because ramp got steeper. So, as effort distance decrease slope gets bigger the effort force needed will increase as well, which means amount of work will increase as well. Because, work is effort distance times effort force.

<Variables>

Independent Variable:

Slope (Rise/Run) of each Ramp

Dependent Variable:

Work (Force*Distance) done to pulled the object (my pencil case)

Control Variable:

  • Rise of ramps
  • Weight of object I used for experiment (my pencil case),
  • Size of Ramp
  • Weight of ramp
  • Measurement of meter stick.

<Method>

– Materials

1. Inclined Plane (Ramp): We used Inclined Plane (Ramp) to test how slope effects work.

2. Object (My Pencil Case): My pencil case is subject of experiment.

3. Spring Scale: We used spring scale to measure effort force used to pull an object.

4. Meter stick: We used meter stick to measure run, rise and effort distance

 

– Photo Journal

  • Step 1

step 1

In this experiment, we lifted an object straight up to 0.10m. 0.10m is load distance. And, load force is force (Newton) required to pull an object straight up. We used spring scale to measure load force used to lift my pencil case straight up to 0.10m.

  • Step 2

step 2

Now, we pulled my pencil case up the inclined plane, 0.10 vertically and measured effort force. I put books under ramp, height of 0.10m because it I had to move 0.10m vertically. Then, I pulled an object up the inclined plane and measured the force used to pull my pencil case. I used spring scale to measure effort force used to pull my pencil case up the inclined plane.

  • Step 3

step 3

To measure the slope and to find out how slope effects work we have to know run of the ramp. Run is width of the ramp. It’s not length of ramp, it’s length horizontally. Which means, distance between the book and a ramp. We used meter stick to measure the run.

  • Step 4

step 4

To know the slope of the ramp, we need to measure rise of ramp as well. Rise is height of the ramp.  But, rise is not height of end of ramp. It’s where ramp and height (Books) meet. Which, means height of book I used to support ramp. Because, top of books is where it meats with ramp. I used meter stick to measure the rise.

  • Step 5

step 5

To get work done in each experiment, we need effort distance and effort force. Effort distance is length of ramp. But, it’s not just length of ramp. It’s length from point that books and ramp meet. I used meter stick to measure effort distance.

  • Step 6

step 6

Lastly, to calculate work done we have to multiply effort distance and effort force. Effort force is force (amount of energy) we used to pull the object. In each experiment using ramp, we connect same object which is my pencil case with spring scale and pulled it up.

 

– Data

Run Rise Slope

(Rise/Run)

Effort Distance (m) Effort Force Work (Effort Distance*Effort Force)
Ramp 1 76 13 0.17 0.8 0.8 0.64
Ramp 2 79 9 0.11 0.81 1.2 0.97
Ramp 3 80 5 0.06 0.81 1.5 1.21
Ramp 4 81 12 0.14 0.83 1 0.83
Ramp 5 84 8 0.09 0.85 0.8 0.68

Slope and work-graph(picture)

<Evaluation>

Reliability:

I think measurements I made are certain. I’m sure my measurement are certain because I measured the rise, run and effort distance, and force more than once. Also, I worked with Timur.  So, Timur measured the rise, run and effort distance, and force as well. So, we measured the rise, run and effort distance, and force least twice. I think 2 times are enough to be accurate and to be “multiple trials”. But, I could be uncertain in some parts. I’m sure that measurements I read is certain but, I’m not sure if I measured it correctly. For example, when I was lifting my pencil case straight up to 0.10m, I’m not sure if ruler was perpendicular to the table.

I could make my measurements more certain by measuring rise, run and effort distance by several more time. To get most accurate result we need to do experiment about 5-6 times, which called “Multiple Trials” to be sure that my data and result is correct. Also, to make my measurements more certain I need to make sure that I’m doing correct experiment. For example, I need to make sure that I’m doing experiment in correct way and using proper materials. When, I’m measuring rise of ramps I need to remind myself that meter stick has to be perpendicular to the table.

Validity:

I think my experiment is closer to unfair. I didn’t do good job at keeping controlled variables same. First, during experiment I forgot that rise has to be same and just made any slope without considering that I need to keep rise same and just changing run. Second, I might have changed weight of object, which is my pencil case. I finished my experiment through 2days. During, those days I lost black pen. Even though, black pen is only about 10-15 grams, the weight of object (pencil case) changed.

I could keep controlled variables same. To make the experiment more fair I should kept rise of 5 ramps same. Because, reason why my experiment was not fair is I didn’t keep rise of ramps same. To keep rise of ramps same, during experiment, I need to remind myself that rise of ramps have to be same.

  1. Graph
  • Sample Graph

slope and work (sample data)

  • My Graph

Slope and work-graph(picture)

Comparison: Sample graph and my graph look different. In sample data, there was no big difference in amount of even when slope increased. But, in my graph there are many big differences of amount of work in each slope. For example, like between slope 0.06 to 0.09 amount of work decreased a lot and between slope 0.09 to 0.11 amount of work increased again. I think it’s because, in sample experiment, the slope of ramp didn’t really affect amount of work. And, in my experiment, the slope affected amount of work a lot.

2.  Table

  • Sample Table

sample table

  • My Table

my table

Comparison: Comparing sample table and my table, they are different. Ramp used in sample experiment was steeper than ramp used in my experiment. Because, slopes are bigger. And, in sample experiment amount of work was mostly same. It was always about 0.6. But, in my experiment amount of work kept changing.

 

Product Construction – Process Journal & Evidence of Testing

<Process Journal>

Date 10/22
Number of periods left 8 periods left.
Work completed a toolsUsed First, I drew layout of lever and linkages of my machine on cardboard. I drew each lever separately. I used pencil and ruler to draw layout lever and linkages of my machine on cardboard. Also, I referenced drawing of measurements of lever and linkages I made in plan phase. Second, I cut the layout of lever and linkages that I drew in previous step using cutting mat and craft knife. I put cardboard on cutting mat. Then, I cut the drawing using craft knife following the line that I drew.
People consulted No one.
Challenges/Difficulties forced While I was cutting pieces (parts) of lever and linkages that I’m going to use in my machine, it was really hard to cut it with following the line. cut the wrong place. I was kept getting out from the line.
Evaluation of progress I’m at progress where I should be, where I thought you’d be. I’m achieving at the expected level. If I could do this steps again I’ll cut layout of lever and linkages I’ll take more time and cut it more genteelly to make sure that I’m cutting line that I drew.
Picture of my work  product picture 2 product picture1

 

Date 10/24
Number of periods left 7 periods left.
Work completed a toolsUsed First, I put each pieces (parts) of lever and linkages that I cut, on A4 paper in different spaces. Then, I just drew edges of each pieces (parts) using pencil. I just follow and drew the edges of each piece. Third, I cut the drawing that I drew the edges of pieces (parts) of lever and linkages using scissor. Lastly, I stick the paper with part (pieces) that I made the copy of. For example, if I drew the edges of part 3 on A4 paper and cut it, I stick that paper with part 3 using glue.
People consulted When, I was sticking paper and parts (piece) of lever and linkages I asked to Mr. Thorburn if he has glue, because, my glue didn’t work well.
Challenges/Difficulties forced When I was sticking paper and pieces (parts) of lever and linkages my glue wasn’t good quality. So, I had difficulty with stick paper and pieces together. I thought I need to stick the  paper and parts (pieces) stick together is due today. But, actually it was plan of next period.
Evaluation of progress I’m one period ahead. I planned to stick paper and pieces together next period, but I just did it.
Picture of my work  product picture 3product picture4product picture 5product picture 6glue

 

Date 10/25
Number of periods left 6 periods left
Work completed a toolsUsed Today this period, I colored the pieces (parts) with color blue. Last period, I stick paper and pieces (parts) together. I colored those pieces with color blue. I used color pencil blue to color it. Second, I wrote process journal of this period right now.  Which means, I’m writing process of this period in this period.
People consulted I asked Mr. Thorburn about “Evidence of Testing” section in process journal and he said, it’s not for all process journals. And that, I need to do it after I finish building my product. And it’s about checking whether my product meet testing against specification that I did in research part.
Challenges/Difficulties forced While I was coloring pieces (parts) of lever and linkages with color blue. It was little bit difficult to color it. Because, my color pencil blue wasn’t sharp so I had to sharp it with pencil sharpener several times.
Evaluation of progress I’m one period ahead since last period. According to my plan, , I’m suppose to stick paper and lever and linkages together, which I finished last period. Today, I color the lever and linkages, which was plan for next period.
Picture of my work  product picture 7

 

Date 10/31
Number of periods left 5 periods left.
Work completed a toolsUsed Today, I didn’t build my product. Today was short period and class was used to check grades. So, we weren’t allowed to build our product. This period, I worked on writing process journal of this period right now.
People consulted Mr.Thorburn told us to be ready to answer 5 questions on manage bac to check our grades. But, I could found it ,so I asked him where the questions are.
Challenges/Difficulties forced Today, there were no challenges and difficulties for me with writing process journal.
Evaluation of progress So far, I’m at where I’m supposed to be, I used to be 1 period ahead but now I’m writing process journal this period, which was not plan for next period.
Picture of my work None.

 

Date 11/4 – Double Period
Number of periods left 3 periods left.
Work completed a toolsUsed Today, I connected parts (pieces) of lever and linkages using ratchet rivets and cut the image of fish and penguin and color the fish with color pencil orange. Also, I stick fish and penguin image on lever and linkages of my machine.  Lastly, I cut foam board size of 20 cm (width) and 15 cm (height) using scissor and stick it below machine. First, I put circle on place that I’m going to make hole using punch. Then, I made holes using punch on place that I made circle in previous step. Third, I put ratchet rivets on holes using measurement drawing I made in development phase. Next, I cut the image of penguin using scissor, image that I printed for homework. Then, I stick image of penguin on part 3 of lever and linkages using glue. Next, I cut the image of fish using scissor. And, I colored image of fish with color orange using orange color pencil. And, I stick it on part 2 of lever and linkages using glue. Lastly, I cut foam board using scissor and stick it below my machine using glue gun. I made a line
People Consulted When I was cutting foam board, I didn’t know whether I need to use craft knife or scissor. So, I asked Mr. Thorburn and he said I should use scissor.
Challenges/Difficulties forced It was really difficult to put ratchet rivets on holes I made on parts (pieces) of lever and linkages. Because, hoes I made using punch was so small. Also, it was hard to know place to put ratchet rivets. Because some breads in example were hiding. Lastly, it was hard to stick 2 syringes underneath white foam board.
Evaluation of progress I’m 2 periods ahead. Because, I connected parts (pieces) of lever and linkages using ratchet rivets and stick images of fish and penguin on lever and linkages and put foam board underneath mu machine. If I could do this again I would not mistake like making a punch in wrong place using punch. Also, if I could do this again. I would stick another paper behind penguin and fish because, they’re just paper so they might get ripped or get crumpled.
Picture of my work  pp8pp9pp10pp11pp12pp13color pencil (orange)pp15pp16pp17pp18pp19pp20white foam board

 

Date 11/12
Number of periods left 3 periods left.
Work completed a toolsUsed Today I came late to class because of school photo. So, I only had about 10 minutes to work on my product. So, I decide to not work on my product. I just decide to write process journals in 10 minutes left.
People consulted I haven’t checked grades and feedback from development phase. So, I asked Mr. Thorburn if I can discuss about my grade this period, but he said he couldn’t because other people is building.
Challenges/Difficulties forced  None.
Evaluation of progress I’m one period behind. Today, I’m supposed to finish sticking 2 syringes underneath white foam board. But today, I didn’t have enough time to stick 2 syringes underneath white foam board.
Picture of my work None.

 

Date 11/14- Double Period
Number of periods left 1 period left.
Work completed a toolsUsed Today, I finished building my product. I put 2 syringes underneath my machine. And I added foam board beneath 2 syringes. First, I tried to stick syringe underneath white foam board. But, even I used Sellotape and glue gun to stick syringes underneath white foam board, syringes kept falling off from white foam board. I discovered that syringes are falling off because part of syringe that I’m trying to stick with white foam board is so small. So, I decided to increase surface of top of syringe. First, I cut dowels to 2 small pieces using hacksaw. Then, I rub the edge of small pieces of dowels with glass paper to make it smoother. Then, I stick those 2 small pieces of dowels on top of syringe using glue gun. Then, I cut cardboard to small piece of rectangle using craft knife and cutting mat. Then, I stick that small piece of cardboard on 2 dowels I stick on top of syringe using glue gun and extra paper to test glue bun. I did those steps to another syringe to stick it underneath white foam board. After, I finished putting dowels and cardboard on each syringes. I stick those syringes (top part- cardboard) underneath white foam board that I marked with pen last period. But, syringe from left part of foam board kept falling off. So, I had to glue dowels and syringes again and stick it underneath that cardboard using glue gun. Finally, I succeed in gluing both syringes underneath white foam board. But my machine didn’t stand still because, 2 syringes were unbalance. So, I decide to add something else at the bottom. I cut white foam board to rectangle size of 20, 15cm using scissor. And, I put that white foam board on bottom of my machine using glue gun. So, I glued 2 syringes with white foam board I cut in previous step.
People consulted When, I was cutting dowels with hacksaw, Mr. Thorburn taught me proper way to use hacksaw. He told me to hold hack saw strongly and move it straight.
Challenges/Difficulties forced Putting 2 syringes underneath white foam board was really challenging. It took more than an hour to do it. Syringe kept falling off from cardboard. So, I had to glue several times to stick syringe and white foam board.
Evaluation of progress I’m not sure if I’m ahead or behind. Because, deadline for construction has been extended to 20th November. According, to my plan deadline was 12th of November, so I’m 2 periods behind. But, according to new deadline I’m one period ahead because, I have one more period to work on construction phase. If I could do this again, I will stick syringes with foam board only once, really hardly, so I don’t need to stick it several more times.
Picture of my work  pp21pp22pp23pp24pp25syringespp26pp27pp29pp30pp31

<Evidence of Testing>

  • Target Market

My target market is a young child. After building full product, I will ask least 5 people whether my product is suitable for young children or not.

Result: I asked Jessica, Akane, Miyu, Mr.Thorburn and Timur, whether they think my product is suitable for young children or not and they all said Yes except for Timur. Timur think it’s not suitable for young children because, it’s too dangerous for young kids.

  • Size

I need to make sure that height of my product is 27cm and width is 16.5cm by measuring them with ruler. Or comparing size of my product with stuff that has 27cm height and 16.5cm width.

Result: I measured the size of my product with ruler. And, height of my product I got is 39cm and width of my product I got is 20.5cm

  • Weight

I need to make sure that weight of my product is about 1.2 kg. By measuring weight of my product using scale.

Result: I measured weight of my product using scale and it was 0.1kg.

  • Height

I can test that height of my product is 27cm by measuring length from the bottom of my product to top of my product.

Result: I measured length from the bottom of my product to top of my product using steel ruler. And, the result is 39cm.

  • Functions

My product “Penguin and Fish” has 2 functions. As lever and linkages works, it will look like penguin is eating a fish and as I pull 2 syringes it will look like penguin and fish are going up. I will test those 2 functions by using mechanisms. First, to check whether it looks like penguin is eating a fish when I pull the lever. I will pull lever and linkages. Second, to check whether it looks like penguin and fish are going up, I will pull 2 syringes and see whether it looks like penguin and fish are going up.

Result: First, I pulled lever and linkages to see whether it looks like penguin is eating a fish. When, I pulled lever and linkages it looked like penguin is eating a fish. Second, I pull 2 syringes to test whether it looks like penguin and fish are going up. The result is, it looked like penguin and fish are going up.

  • Materials

Materials I’m going to use to build “Penguin and Fish” are cardboard, A4 paper, ratchet rivet, white foam board, and syringes. I will make sure that I’m using those materials by taking a note of which material I used each period or taking a picture of material I used.

Result: I took a picture of materials I used to build “Penguin and Fish”. And, result is I used all the materials listed above to build “Penguin and Fish”. But, I used dowel as well, which is not included in list above.

  • Tools

Tools I’m going to use to build “Penguin and Fish” are steel ruler, craft knife, cutting mat, pencil, scissors, glue, blue color pencil, mac book, snip saw, punch, orange color pencil, glass paper, glue gun. I will make sure that I’m using only those tools by taking a picture of every tool I used to build “Penguin and Fish”.

Result: During create stage, I took a picture or made a note of every tool I used to build “Penguin and Fish”. And, result is I used all the tools listed above except for snip saw and nothing else.

  • Quantity

I can make sure that I’m building only 1 “Penguin and Fish”, by counting it. And, during create stage, I can count amounts of materials using. And make sure, I’m preparing only 1 for each material.

Result: I count the amount of “Penguin and Fish” I made and I counted amounts of materials using during create stage. And, the result is I build only 1 “Penguin and Fish”

  • Aesthetic Appearance (Shape, Color, Texture)

I will check aesthetic appearance of my product matches my specification by sending survey to people. And ask them if they think my product matches my specification.

Result: Yes. I compared specification of Aesthetic Appearance I made in Research phase and my product. And, my product matched all the specification points of aesthetic appearance.

  • Cost

I will calculate cost of all materials used in my product, plus my effort and make sure it’s about 5 dollars

Result: I calculated cost of all materials I used to build my product. And result is, 0$. Because, I used all the materials for free.

Interdisciplinary Unit – Development

  1. Scientific Application

a.

 

i & ii)

 

   Photo on 10-2-13 at 2.46 PM  measuring rise (photo)  Photo on 10-2-13 at 2.44 PM Links to my video (Iuploaded my video to youtube):  
http://youtu.be/l0HzKe5Fhtg
We measured the Run of the slope. We set inclined plane in 6 different slopes and measure the run for each slope. We used measure stick to measure run. This is picture of measuring rise for 6 slopes. We measured the rise of all 6 slopes. Rise is height of the slope. We used measure stick to measure the run of all 6 slopes. We chose 1 same object to measure the forces required for 6 different slopes. For each slopes, we used same object and connect it with scale and slowly pulled the object (same speed). Then, we recorded newton required to pull the object for 6 slopes. First, we measure the run and then we measure the rise. This process was to measure slope. Also, we pull the same objet with same speed on 6 different slopes and compared the force required for each slope.

 

b.

 

Slope

Force

0.29

1

0.43

0.4

0.8

1.25

1.25

1.7

1.54

2.1

 2.025

2.6

 

Slope and Force- Graph

 

This graph shows us that, independent variable that is slope as it increased (to the left) the effort force increased from 2nd slope.

 

The data analysis must help support the idea behind your scientific principles.

 

I found that as independent variable (slope) increases the Run decreases and Rise increases. As, the slope gets higher the bottom part of gets shorter and the height gets longer instead. Also, as slope increases the measurement slope (rise/run) increase as well. And, as the independent variable (slope) increased, the force increased. In our life, it’ harder to track high slope than low slope. Same, in this experiment, I found that the more force required in higher slope to pull same object, same speed.

 

 

Science- visually showing my data

 

 

This image shows us comparison between Low slope and High slope. Low slope, it took only 0.3 newton to move bag slowly on the ramp. High slope, the slope was 20 and it took 2.7 newton to move bag slowly on the ramp. This image shows us that higher slope needs more effort force (energy) to carry things. I think it’s because, it gets more tough and high. When, bag was moving it required more energy to move if they wanted to move in same speed

 

2. Innovative Process

a.

 

SCAN0001

 

My new design “Penguin and Fish” is a toy. It use mechanism “Levers and linkages” and pneumatic. In my product, there will be 2 objects, fish and penguin. Penguin and fish will come across as I pull the stick behind levers and linkages. As they come across it will look like penguin is eating a fish. Cardboard will be standing and fish and penguin will be moving behind/above cardboard. And white foam board will be below cardboard to support that standing cardboard. And underneath white foam board 2 syringes will be glued. As I pull the 2 syringes the foam board will go up and down and it will look like the fish and penguin is moving up and down.

 

b.

 

i&ii&ii)

 

  • 1st Design – “Seal Toy”’

seal design

 

 

 

Target Market

 

1

“Seal Toy” meets this specification because, it’s toy and it’s for young children.

 

Size

1

“Seal Toy” meets this specification because, the size and width of “Seal Toy” is 27cm, 16.5cm.

 

Weight

1

“Seal Toy” meets this specification because weight of “Seal Toy” is about 1.2kg.

 

Height

1

“Seal Toy” meets this specification because height of “Seal Toy” is 27cm.

 

Functions

1

“Seal Toy” meets this specification because “Seal Toy” has function to move its tail and claps its hands.

 

 

Materials

1

“Seal Toy” meets this specification because I’m going to use Paper, Wood, Dowels, Syringes, Brads, and Thick Paper to build “Seal Toy”.

 

 

Tools

1

“Seal Toy” meets this specification. Because I’m going to use Scissors, Craft knife, Steel ruler, Glass paper and Glue gun, Coating machine to build “Seal Toy”.

 

Quantity

1

“Seal Toy” meets this specification because, I’m going to build only one “Seal Toy”.

 

 

 

Aesthetic Appearance

1

“Seal Toy” meets this specification because seal is going to be soft and white. Also, plywood will be rough and syringes will be colored blue and mechanisms will be thick and white.

 

Cost

1

“Seal Toy” meets this specification because, cost of “Seal Toy” is going to be $5.

Total Score

10/10

 

  • 2nd Design – “Penguin and Fish”

SCAN0001

 

 

Target Market

 

1

Target market of “Penguin and Fish” is still young children because, it’s a toy.

 

 

Size

0

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet this specification. Because width and height of “Penguin and Fish” is going to be 20.5cm and 43cm.

 

Weight

1

“Penguin and Fish” meet this specification. Because approximately, “Penguin and Fish” is going to be 1.2 kg.

 

Height

0

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet specification. Because, the height of my product is 43cm, not 27cm.

 

 

Functions

0

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet this specification. Because, it doesn’t have like function like clapping and shaking tail.

 

Materials

0

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet the specification, because I’m not going to use brads, wood, dowels.

 

 

 

Tools

0

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet specification. Because, I’m not going to use coating machine. And, I’m going to use snips saw which is not included to my specification list.

 

Quantity

1

“Penguin and Fish” meets the specification because, I’m going to build only one “Penguin and Fish”.

 

 

Aesthetic Appearance

0

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet this specification as well. Because, white foam board is going to be white not purple.

 

Cost

1

“Penguin and Seal” meets specification of cost. Because, cost of “Penguin and Seal” is  $5.

Total Score

4/10

 

By looking at table above, we can know that my first design mostly met specification and my 2nd design didn’t meet my specification.

3. Pitch to Client and Approval

a.

 

i&ii)

 

me with client- picture

My Client: Akane Iwado

 

I like “Penguin and Fish” than “Seal Toy” because, “Seal Toy” look more interesting but looks really complicated. And, I think “Penguin and Fish” will be easier to build. Also, I like the fact that “Penguin and Fish” has 2 objects in it. Like “Seal Toy” there is only one object but, like “Penguin and Fish” has 2 objects, Fish and Penguin. And, it looks really funny that Penguin is eating Fish. Because, like “Seal Toy”, just seal claps its hands and shake its tail, there’s nothing funny about it. Lastly, fish and penguin look really cute. They look really adorable!!

 

 

4.     Drafting

 

a.

 

I think is “Penguin and Fish” is the best. And, my clients think “Penguin and Fish” is better than “Seal Toy” as well.  I’ve chose “Penguin and Fish” as my design because, “Penguin and Fish” is easier to build than “Seal Toy”. Because, less tools, materials, times are required to build “Penguin and Fish” than “Seal Toy”. Also, it’s less complicated to build than “Seal Toy”. My clients prefer “Penguin and Fish” as well because they think penguin and fish looks cutter than seal. And, it’s more suitable for young children. Because, it’s funnier and easier.

 

b.

 

i.

 

Penguin and fish- final version

 

 

Picture on left hand side is detail drawing of “Penguin and Fish”. First, I changed the image of fish. I found that it’s really difficult to draw previous fish image. And, I won’t be able to draw previous fish design in actual create stage. Second, I included measurements for each objects. I wrote height and width for all objects. For example, I wrote measurements of whole machine, penguin, size of fish, cardboard and syringes as well. Third, I label color for each objects. I label which color I’m going to use for each objects.

 

ii.

 

Target Market

I meet this specification because target market of “Penguin and Fish” is young children.

 

Size

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet this specification because width and height of “Penguin and Fish” is going to be 20.5cm and 43cm.

 

Weight

“Penguin and Fish” meets this specification because weight of “Penguin and Fish” will be 1.2kg.

 

Height

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t met this specification because, height of “Penguin and Fish” will be 43cm.

 

Functions

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet this specification because penguin, fish don’t clap their hands or shake their tails.

 

 

Materials

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet this specification because I’m not going to use paper, wood dowels, thick paper and brads. I’m going to use cardboard, foam board, ratchet rivets instead.

 

Tools

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet this specification because I won’t be using coating machine and glass paper. I will use snips saw instead.

 

Quantity

“Penguin and Fish” meets this specification because I’m going to build only one “Penguin and Fish”.

 

Aesthetic Appearance

“Penguin and Fish” doesn’t meet this specification because fish and penguin wouldn’t be white and supporter, which is foam board, will be soft.

Cost

“Penguin and Fish” meets this specification because cost of “Penguin and Fish” will be $5

5. PLANNING 

I’m going to build full size product of “Penguin and Fish”. I decide to build full size product of “Penguin and Fish” because, there’s no reason that I need to build model of “Penguin and Fish”. First, “Penguin and Fish” is not that big it’s only about computer screen. And, I don’t want to build smaller product, then it will be more complicated. Second, my product is just a toy, it’s not a shelter or clock like massive product. I don’t need process to check whether my product is good or not.

 

SCAN0004

 

Date

List of jobs

Tools & Material

Measurement

Duration

IC/OC

10/22

(Double)

Draw a layout of each piece of  “Lever and Linkages” that I’m going to use in my machine using pencil on cardboard. Draw each piece separately.
  • Pencil

pencil

  • Card Board

cardboard

 

  • Steel Ruler

 

Measurement is drawn below.

40 min

IC

Cut the layout that I drawn on cardboard in previous step. Use cutting pad if I’m going to use craft knife to cut layout
  • Craft Knife

c

  • Scissors
  • Cutting Pad

cutting pad

 

20 min

IC

Write Process Journal of fist and second period of this lesson.
  • Mac Book Pro

70 min

IC & OC

 

Date

List of jobs

Tools & Material

Measurement

Duration

IC/OC

10/23

Put each part (Pieces) of lever and linkages (that I cut in previous step) on pieces of A4 paper. Put part (pieces) of lever and linkages in different places, separately.
  • A4 paper

A4 paper

  • Parts (pieces) of lever and linkage

2 min

IC

Draw the edges of part (pieces) in different spaces of A4 paper.
  • Pencil
  • A4 paper
  • Part (pieces) of lever and linkages

19 min

IC

Cut the drawing that I drawn last step, following lines that I drawn.
  • Scissors

scissor 3

  • A4 paper that I drew the edges of sticks

19 min

IC

Write Process Journal of this period.
  • Mac Book Pro

40 min

OC

 

Date

List of jobs

Tools & Material

Measurement

Duration

IC/OC

10/25

Put each A4 pieces that I cut in last step, on their pieces. For example, if I drew the edges of part 2 on A4 paper and cut it put that cut pieces on part 2.

2 min

IC

Stick the part (pieces) of lever and linkages with A4 paper that’s on their pieces.
  • Glue

Glue Gun

 

  • A4 paper that I put on their parts (pieces)
  • My Machine

18 min

IC

Write Process Journal of this period.
  • Mac Book Pro

20 min

IC

 

Date

List of jobs

Tools & Material

Measurement

Duration

IC/OC

10/31

(2a/3)

Color the paper that I stick on each piece, with color blue.
  • Color Pencil (Blue)

color pencil (blue)

  • My Machine

20 min

IC

Write Process Journal of this period.
  • Mac Book Pro

20 min

OC

 

Date

List of jobs

Tools & Material

Measurement

Duration

IC/OC

11/4

(Double)

Decrease the length of part of ratchet rivets that connects each other by cutting it with snip saw
  • Ratchet Rivet

ratchet rive

  • Snip Saw

 

  • Amount of ratchet rivets required: 4 pairs

35 min

IC

Make the hole in any places of levers and linkage that I want to put ratchet rivets to connect the sticks.
  • Punch

punch

  • My machine
  • Quantity of holes: 8 holes

35 min

IC

Put ratchet rivets into holes that I made in previous step
  • Ratchet Rivets

ratchet rive

  •  My machine
  • Amount of ratchet rivets required: 4 pairs

15 min

IC

Cut the image of penguin that I printed for homework.
  • Image of Penguin
  • Scissors

scissor 3

 

5 min

IC

Stick the image of penguin on part 3 of lever and linkages. Make sure that penguin’s foot is on bottom of stick.
  • Image of Penguin
  • Glue

glue

 

5 min

IC

Write Process Journal of first and second period of this lesson.
  • Mac Book Pro

75 min

OC

 

 

Date

List of jobs

Tools & Material

Measurement

Duration

IC/OC

11/5

Cut the image of fish that I printed for homework, to use for my machine
  • Image of Fish
  • Scissors

scissor 3

 

5 min

IC

Color the Fish with color orange.
  • Image of Fish
  • Color pencil (Orange)

color pencil (orange)

 

5 min

IC

Stick image of fish that I colored, on part 2 of lever and linkages.
  • Glue

glue

  • Fish Image
  • My machine

10 min

IC

Write Process Journal of this period.
  • Mac Book Pro

20 min

IC

 

Date

List of jobs

Tools & Material

Measurement

Duration

IC/OC

11/7

Draw a form of square on white foam board size of, 20 cm (width) and 15 cm (height) using name pen.
  • White Foam Board

white foam board

  • Name pen

name pen

  • Steel Ruler
  • Form of square on white foam board: 20 cm (width), 15 cm (height).

13 min

IC

Cut the square that I drew in foam board using Craft knife.
  • Craft Knife

Craft knife

 

  • White Foam board

7 min

IC

Rub the border of foam board with glass paper to make it smooth.
  • White foam board
  • Glass paper

Glass Paper

 

5 min

IC

Stick foam board that I cut in previous step, on backside of machine. Edge of foam board and bottom of machine should be glued together
  • White foam board that I cut
  • Glue Gun

Glue Gun

 

  • My Machine

15 min

IC

Write Process Journal of this period.
  • Mac Book Pro

40 min

OC

 

Date

List of jobs

Tools & Material

Measurement

Duration

IC/OC

11/12

(2a/3)

Stick 2 Syringes underneath white foam board using glue gun.
  • Syringes

syringes

 

  • Glue Gun
  • White foam board

20 min

IC

Write Process Journal of this period.
  • Mac Book Pro

25 min

OC

 

My Final Print

My Final Print

Jione Seo

 

Photo on 9-16-13 at 8.42 AM   print image2

 

My printing is drawing of my hand. It’s modified contour drawing of my hand.

 

In this project, our main art element was line. We used other element like shape but our main art element was line. In this project, we learnt about modified contour drawing, which is directly connected with line. Modified contour drawing is

 

I made modified contour drawing. Modified contour drawing is type of drawing with not lifting a pencil, which means connected line and drawing of only edges of an object. I made modified contour drawing of my hand. While, I was drawing, I didn’t lift pencil and drew only edges of my hand.

 

First, we chose one drawing to use for printing. Then, we put tracing paper on that drawing. Tracing paper is thin paper used for tracing things. We copied the drawing on tracing paper. Basically, we drew exactly same thing on tracing paper. Next, we flipped the tracing paper. We flipped the tracing paper because, when the printing press is printing, the drawing gets reversed. To prevent that, we flipped the tracing paper to make sure that our final print is same way as the original drawing.

 

Second, we etched our drawing on tracing paper, with blunt pencil. Number 1, we put flipped tracing paper on Styrofoam plate. Then, we etched the drawing with blunt pencil. Simply, I put flipped tracing paper on Styrofoam plate and I re-drew the drawing on tracing paper hardly with blunt pencil. I pushed the line hardly to carve my drawing into a Styrofoam plate.

 

Third, I took some printing ink using palette knife and put it on inking plate. Printing ink is like normal ink but stickier and more stiff. And palette knife is small knife that we used to take out the ink from the bottle. Then, we used tool called brayer to spread out the ink on every spaces in palate. After, we rolled the brayer on the paint, we rolled it on our Styrofoam plate. We did this process for other colors as well.

 

Lastly, after we put the ink on our Styrofoam plate using brayer, we put that Styrofoam plate on a piece of paper.  We put it on printing press, and made our prints.

 

Materials I used were, Tracing paper, Styrofoam plate, Printing ink, Inking plate and Printing plate. First, I used tracing paper to trace my drawing on tracing paper. Second, I used Styrofoam plate as a printing plate. Third, I used printing ink as a paint to put on Styrofoam plate. Lastly, I used inking plate as a material to put printing ink on.

 

I think I could improve my piece by putting more inks. As you see in the picture, you’ll be able to notice that ink wasn’t evenly distributed. Some parts, of my painting is thick and some parts aren’t. So, next time I think I should distribute ink evenly when I’m putting ink on Styrofoam plate.

 

 

I discovered that we need to flip the tracing paper to not get reversed print and it’s really complicated and it takes time to make one print.

 

 

I think this project is related to Renaissance because, printing press was invented by German guy called “Johannes Gutenberg” during Renaissance. And, this project was making a print using printing press. And, by this project, we were able to experience printmaking that was used in Renaissance.

 

 

Yes, I enjoyed this project, it was a great opportunity to learn how printing press affected Renaissance. And, learnt process of making print. I learnt that I have to flip the tracing paper to not get reversed print. Also, I learnt about modified contour drawing and name and uses of tools and materials that were used in this project.

Medieval Art vs. Renaissance Art

Medieval Art vs. Renaissance Art

Jione Seo

HerrmannM

 

1.

  • Medieval Art

medieval artwork

This painting is called “Madonna and Child”. Artist called “Berlinghiero” drew this painting. “Tempera”, “Gold ground” technique was used in his painting. This painting is about Madonna and she’s son Jesus. Mary is pointing baby Jesus with her hand and baby Jesus is holding scroll like philosopher.

 

  • Renaissance Art

renaissance art work

This painting is called “Portrait of a Young Woman”. This painting is painted by an artist called “Domenico Ghirlandaio”. He used tempera technique to draw this painting. And, wood was used to make this painting. This painting is about woman with a fitting drew and necklace.

 

2.

  • These paintings are similar that model of these paintings are both human. And, they both use tempera technique in their painting.
  • They are different in 3 ways. First, the medieval art is really unrealistic. They don’t look like human. And, baby Jesus has really tiny head and huge body comparing to size of his head. But, renaissance art is really realistic. It looks sold. Because, value scale was used in their drawings. Second, value scale wasn’t used in medieval art but, Renaissance artists used value scale in their drawings. As you see, in medieval art you’ll notice that they used only one value in their paintings.  They’re all in same value. Whereas, renaissance artists did excellent use of value scale in their drawings.  As you see, some parts of their drawing are dark. And, other parts of their drawings are light. Which makes their drawings look solid.  Third, most medieval artworks were mostly about Jesus and Mary. Drawings were mostly about Christianity and religious. But, Renaissance artworks weren’t only religious. There were lots of different kinds of paintings.

 

  • I think reality of their artworks makes medieval art and Renaissance Art. Renaissance artworks are really realistic comparing to medieval artworks. I think renaissance artworks look more realistic because, value scale was used in renaissance art works. Value scale helped paintings look more solid. People in renaissance art works look like they’re popping out from the painting.

 

3.

 

The value changed the renaissance art. It made artworks look more realistic. Because, it shows where an object is located and distance between two subjects. For example, we tell it by shadow and coloring darker. Darker it is, farther it is.

 

Artworks

– Berlinghiero. Madonna and Child. Gold Ground. 803*53.7

– Ghirlandaio, Domenico. Portrait of a young woman. Tempera on oil.

 

Works Cited

N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2013.

Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2013.

Interdisciplinary Unit – Research

Interdisciplinary Unit – Research

 

My Future Machine: Seal Toy

 

1)    Product Identification and Description

 

a)

i)

My future machine is seal toy. Seal toy will look like seal. The seal will be image of seal that will be print out. And, simple machines will be behind image of seal. Cardboard will be used to support seal toy. Also, syringe will be used to move cardboard up and down. Seal will clap hands and nod their head or shaking head. Seal will clap hands by using simple machine that 2 stick moving right and left. And, seal will shake his head by using simple machine

 

ii)

My seal toy will be toy for young children. My seal toy will be good toy for young children. Seal will clap hands and seal will nod or shake its head and seal will be on cardboard. Also I will stick 2 syringes underneath cardboard to move cardboard up and down.

 

iii)

 

I chose “Seal Toy” as my future machine. Main reason that I chose “Seal Toy” as my future machine is that my favorite animal is seal and I always thought it will really looks funny when seal clap its hand and do all different kinds of show.

 

 

b)

seal design  This is drawing of my future machine, which is seal toy. As you see, seal is clapping and cardboard is supporting seal. Because, seal will be made with paper and that paper image is unable to stand properly, it will fall down without cardboard. Also, 2 syringes will be stick underneath cardboard to move cardboard up and down.Mechanisms, which are not included in my drawing, will be behind image of seal. 3 mechanisms will be used in my future machine. They will be used to nod seal’s head and clap its hands and moving cardboard.

 

2) Target Client/Consumer

 

a)

 

My client will be a young child. I want my client to be children, because purpose of my future machine is toy, and I think my future machine can’t be used for any other things except for toy. I want to consume my future machine to child who likes seal. I want to sell my “Seal Toy” to person who likes seal because, I want my consumer to use “Seal Toy” affectively. I don’t want consumer to break or destroy it.

 

Young children will benefit from my future machine by having fun with my “Seal Toy”. Also, they will get some knowledge about how mechanism works in my machine. Back of my machine will be shown so consumer will be able to see how mechanisms work at back of the “Seal Toy”. Lastly, young children will benefit from my future machine. Seal will clap if someone moves mechanism for clapping and seal will nod its head if someone moves mechanisms for nodding. So, basically they will have opportunity to move mechanisms and learn scientific principle used in each mechanisms. And, learn which one makes something move.

 

b)

i)              Environmental

 

My product “Seal Toy” brings positive environmental impacts. My product “Seal Toy” is a toy. Young children can use it. “Seal Toy” might be substituted for children toy. My “Seal Toy” only requires paper and syringes. The damage that my product brings is cutting trees. But, like other famous toy, like toy helicopter and toy car requires plastic, wood, paper etc. lots of different kinds of materials. These kinds of toys damage trees and our environment. So, I think my product will bring less damage to our environment if it becomes famous toy and if it substituted for children toys.

 

But, my product also brings negative impacts to environment. My product will be made out of paper and cardboard and syringes. Cardboard and paper are originally from tree. It means, that we need to cut trees to make paper. Cutting, trees is damaging environment. Trees prevent us from landslides and provide us oxygen.

 

ii)            Social

 

My product “Seal Toy” brings positive environmental impacts. Some species of seals are endangered species. For example, northern fur seal is endangered species.  My product “Seal Toy” might save and protect northern fur seal by informing seals to people. People will start to concern about seals by using my toy. So, I think my “Seal Toy” informs people that some species of seals area endangered species.

 

But, my product also brings negative impacts to environment. One obvious instinct of young children follows things. For example, if someone dances in front of children. They follow dancing. So, if young children play with my product and if my seal claps, they will clap as well, and it will cause noise pollution

 

 

3)  Market Research/Focus Group

 

These are questions about my product, and my clients were my sister and my brother, my friend Jessica.

 

Question 1) Do you like my idea of building “Seal Toy”? Why?

 

Sister) I like your product because, it’s very creative and unusual.

Brother) Yes, because I like idea that seal is clapping.

Jessica) Yes, I like your product because it’s very cute, so that children will really like this.

Father) I like it because it can make active action of seal.

 

Question 2) How can I improve my product?

 

Sister) I think you should cover syringes with pretty paper or stickers to make it more look like toy.

Brother) You can improve your product by telling how you made this, how it works and where you get the idea.

Jessica) Well… I think your product is very good. But for me, if you put more interesting things, then it will be better.

Father) it will be better if you make more durable and long lasting product.

 

Question 3) Do you think people will buy my product? Why?

 

Sister) I think people will buy your product because you have your own style in your product and you even thought idea of using syringes to move cardboard up and down.

Brother) Some people may buy your product or may not. But, I’m sure that children will buy your product.

Jessica) I think so, because it’s really good study for the seals and animals.

Father) Some customer who has kids (from 4~8 years) would buy it because kids like toy on which animal move.

 

Question 4) How do you think it’s going to help people?

 

Sister) It can help people to decorate their houses.

Brother) Kids will be happy about your product.

Jessica) I think some seals are the trouble, so if you build this and if this product becomes famous it will help with saving the seals.

Father) kids will enjoy the product.

 

Question 5) How big should it be? Why?

 

Sister) I think height of seal should be about 30cm and area of cardboard should be about 40-45 cm2

Brother) I think height of your product should be about 13cm and 9cm wide.

Jessica) I think it shouldn’t be bigger than 20cm and I think it will look cute if it’s small.

Father) It can be 15cm * 15cm and this size will be proper to kids

 

Question 6) What materials should I use to build my product? Please be specific.

 

Sister) For seal, plastic will be great, but you can use thick paper of flexible paper if plastic is too hard. You can make shape of seal with thick paper and flexible paper and then use wood dowels to support seal. And, I think wood will be better than cardboard. And , I think you should use soft paper to make seal or you can stick cotton on seal.

Brother) A hard paper or plastic.

Jessica) well you really should use plywood and syringe and maybe toy for the seal? or just picture of it.

Father) Eco-friendly plastic or wood will be the best. If not, strong Paper can be used.

 

Question 7) What do you like about my product? Why?

 

Sister) I really like that your using syringes to move cardboard up and down. Like shaking tail of nodding head could be thought easily but, idea that using syringe is very unique.

Brother) I like your using lots of mechanisms

Jessica) I like that you put seals and made seals claps and moves up and down.

Father) I think it will be really cute if seal claps and move its tail.

 

Question 8) What do you not like about my product? Why?

 

Sister) I think you should tell us which mechanism you’re going to use to move tail and how it’s going to work.

Brother) Nothing.

Jessica) I still wonder with the syringe, then where does the air goes?
I don’t like the part that moves up and down because it will really hard to move the seal up because there are two syringes to put up so there will be many energy waste.

Father) Nothing.

 

Question 9) Imagine you’ve bought my product how are you going to use it? What is it going to be?

 

Sister) I’m going to use it as decoration of my house.

Brother) I would give it to children as a toy.

Jessica) If I buy your machine, I will give my sister, or my baby cousin to play with or than, I’m just going use this machine for interior props.

Father) For my kids toy.

 

Question 10) Who do you think will benefit from my product?

 

Sister) I think children will benefit from my product by having fun.

Brother) Moms who have children.

Jessica) I think you will benefit by selling your product.

Father) Kids will enjoy the product. Kids can be accustomed to animal and learn how machine moves.

 

4)    Designing Your Mechanism: Anticipating Problems and Creating Solutions

 

a)

(1)

 

  • In the future, I might get messed up with which materials am I going to use for my product.
  • In the future, when the mechanisms might be bigger than image of seal. Then, it will looks weird because, then people will be able to see mechanisms.
  • In the future, my product might be so heavy that 2 syringes are not able support my product.
  • In the future, my printed seal toy image might be not appropriate for seal image and not able to have holes for the hands.
  • In the future, 2 syringes might be in different sizes. 2 syringes will be located underneath cardboard. Cardboard will move up and down as I pull the 2 syringes. Which means, 2 syringes need to be in same size to make cardboard horizontal. Otherwise, cardboard will tilt.
  • In the future, the seal image might not stick to the cardboard because it’s paper.
  • In the future, my seal image might be ripped. Because, it’s very fragile.

 

 

b)

  • In the future, I might get messed up with which materials am I going to use for my product.

 

Solution: I need to list materials that are required to build my product, through steps.

 

  • In the future, when the mechanisms might be bigger than image of seal. Then, it will looks weird because, then people will be able to see mechanisms.

 

Solution: Then I might need to cover mechanisms with plywood or print image of seal bigger.

 

  • In the future, my product might be so heavy that 2 syringes are not able support my product.

 

Solution: Then, I need to stick one more syringe under cardboard. So, in total 3 syringes might be required to support my product.

 

  • In the future, my printed seal toy image that I’ve chose might be not appropriate for seal image and not able to have holes for the hands.

 

Solution: I need to choose another seal image that is looking front and able to have holes.

 

  • In the future, 2 syringes might be in different sizes. 2 syringes will be located underneath cardboard. Cardboard will move up and down as I pull the 2 syringes. Which means, 2 syringes need to be in same size to make cardboard horizontal. Otherwise, cardboard will tilt.

 

Solution: Then I need to try to find 2 syringes that are in same sizes even their too short or too long.

 

  • In the future, the seal image might not stick to the cardboard because it’s paper.

 

Solution: Then I need to curve paper to make prop for my seal image. Or I can stick thick paper to edge of seal image paper.

 

  • In the future, my seal image might be ripped. Because, it’s very fragile.

 

Solution: I might need to stick thick paper with seal image paper or laminate the seal image with vinyl.

 

5) Innovation and Inspiration

           

a)

i)

fox simple machines toy seal toy picture catapult

 

ii.

catapult physics

Lever, pulley, wheel, rope and screw are used in Catapult. Lever is arm of catapult, that balance pouch and beam. And screw, was used to construct things, connect things. In catapult, wheel and axel let catapult move to different places. Also, pulley was used to pull levers and tie the rope down.

When the pouch reach to “a” angle sling releases. And, payload reach as well, sling pushes payload forward when the sling pulled backwards.

 

iii.)

 

Catapult can be use as tools to destroy or break things that don’t break easily with other simple tools. For example, if we put hard rock or hard thing as payload in catapult it can destroy building or mountain (if we do several times). So, in construction when they try to destroy things and build new things they can use catapult to destroy old building.

 

Catapult is not always effective. Catapult could be ineffective in some cases. For example, it can hurt people. Catapult is really useful but really dangerous tool as well. It can hurt people very easily. If someone gets hit by hard stone that person will probably die. Also, catapult is very big and heavy tool. It will be very hard to move them.

 

iv)

–       Political

 

Catapult brings good impacts to politic. First, catapult is a weapon. It throw things, it can make hole on shield. When, war occurred between country and country they can use it as weapon to protect their country. For example, they can develop catapult more, and load nuclear bombs or other harmful substances on catapults and send it to other country. Also, countries that have a long history with catapult, they can use it as their political symbol of their country and scare other countries.

 

Catapult also brings bad impacts to politic. If government supply catapult to citizens with no limitation, there will be dispute and civil war. For example, antigovernment people might attack government with catapult. And, terrorists might try terror with catapult.

 

–       Environmental

 

Catapult brings good impacts to environment. Catapult could be weapon but also can be use to break and destroy things. For example, in construction when people want to break old building and build new on they can use catapult as tool to destroy old building. There are lots of ways to destroy building. But, I think using catapult bring least damage to environment. To use catapult to break building we jut need, one strong catapult and strong payload to throw. It will not hurt environment in process of throwing rocks. It doesn’t bring any damage to environment except for materials used to make catapult.

 

But, catapult should be really big and strong in any uses. So, lots of strong woods will be cut out to build big and strong catapult. Then, the result is naturals disasters will get worse. Trees protect us from floods, hurricane and landslides.

 

i)

 

Catapult was the best example that contains lever, pulleys, rope and screw most simple machines. It shows me how I need to combine different kinds of simple machines effectively. And, by researching about catapult I learnt more about each simple machines and how they used.

 

6) Materials and Tools

 

i)

1. Brads

brads

A small, thin wire nail with a small barrel-shaped head that is either symmetrical or form on one side only. It has small projection to one side of the head end.

 

2. Scissors

scissors

Scissors are hand-operated cutting instruments. Scissors are used for cutting various thin materials, such as paper, cardboard, metal foil, thin plastic, cloth, rope, and wire.

 

3. Tenon Saw

Tenon saw

A Tenon Saw is the most used kind of backsaw. It is a medium sized saw and originally obtained its name from its use in cutting tenons for mortise and tenon joints in woodwork. The stiff piece of metal along the top of the blade (like all backsaws) helps prevent the blade from bending during use and the added weight adds another level of control to the saw.

 

4. Glue gun

Glue Gun

Glue Gun also known as hot glue is, electrical adhesive used to stick things. And supplied in solid cylindrical sticks of various diameters. Glue gun heats up cylindrical canisters.

 

5. Hack Saw

Hack Saw

A small saw used especially for cutting metal. A hacksaw is a fine-tooth saw with a blade held under tension in a frame, used for cutting materials such as metal or plastics.

 

6. Coping Saw

Coping Saw

A coping saw is a type of hand saw used to cut intricate external shapes and interior cutouts in woodworking or carpentry. It is widely used to cut moldings to create coped rather than miter joints.

 

7. Steel Ruler

Steel Ruler

A ruler is an instrument used in geometry, technical drawing, printing and engineering/building to measure distances and/or to rule straight lines lines.

 

8. Screw Drivers

Screw Drivers

A screwdriver is a tool for driving screws or bolts with special slots, and sometimes for rotating other machine elements with the mating drive system. The screwdriver is made up of a head or tip, which engages with a screw, a mechanism to apply torque by rotating the tip, and some way to position and support the screwdriver

 

9. Hammers

Hammer

A hammer is a tool meant to deliver an impact to an object. The most common uses are for driving nails, fitting parts, forging metal and breaking up objects.

 

10. File Saw

File saw

With a saw file, practice and a little instruction you can take any saw and turn it into a gem. This is the entire range of saw files for sharpening any kind of Western saw.

 

11. Engineers Square

Engineers square

An engineer’s square is the metalworkers’ equivalent of a try square. It consists of a steel blade inserted and either welded or pinned into a heavier body at an angle of 90°.

 

12. Craft Knife

Craft knife

The craft knife is a single bladed knife that easily cuts through a variety of different materials, making the task of engaging in craft projects much easier.

 

13. Glass Paper

Glass Paper

Glass paper is paper coated with powdered glass or other abrasive material used for smoothing and polishing woods or other substances. Glass paper is made up glass fibers.

 

14. Wood

Wood

Wood is a hard, fibrous tissue found in many trees. It has been used for hundreds of thousands of years for both fuel and as a construction material.

 

15. Paper

Paper

Paper is material in thin sheets from the pulp of wood or other fibrous material. People, used paper to draw, write, printing or wrapping.

 

7) DESIGN BRIEF

 

a)

 

I am going to design and make a simple machine “Seal Toy” for young children. My product “Seal Toy” is toy, based on seal image and 3 mechanisms and it will amuse young children. My “Seal Toy” will amuse people because, it will shakes its tail and clap its hands using 2 mechanisms. “Seal Toy” will also move up and down. There will be plywood underneath seal, to support seal because seal is not able to stand still. And, 2 syringes will be located underneath. So, as I pull syringes up the plywood will go up as well, and seal will go up as well. 2 mechanisms, that make my seal claps its hands and shake its tail will be locate behind seal image. My product “Seal Toy” will be big as “Mac Book Pro (13inch)” monitor screen. It won’t be dangerous because it’s only made out of wood, paper and plastic. My product is very cheap and amusing so, I think my product will be suitable for young children.

 

 

8) SPECIFICATION

 

a)

 

Target Market

Young Children

Young children are going to be target market of my product. Young children will be appropriate because, my product is toy to make fun. And 5-7 is age when people like toys.

Size

Height: 27cm, Width: 16.5cm

The height of my product will be 27cm. including all the materials like syringe, plywood and seal it’s about 27cm. Second, width of my product will be 16.5 cm. The width of my product will be the width of material that has biggest width. In my product, plywood has the longest width. And 16.5 are estimated value of width of plywood.

Weight

1.2 kg (estimated value)

The estimated weight of my product was 1.2kg including plywood, 2 syringes and dowels, 2 mechanisms.

Height

27cm

The height of my product will be 27cm.  The sum of height of syringes, plywood and seal is about 27cm.

Functions

The seal claps its hands and it shakes its tail.

The seal will clap its hands and shakes its tail using 2 mechanisms.

Materials

Paper, Wood, Dowels, Syringes, Brads, Thick Paper

First, paper will be the main source for seal paper. Second, I will use plywood to support paper seal. Third I will use dowels to connect paper seal and plywood. Because, if I don’t seal toy will be unable to stand. Next, I will use syringes to move plywood up and down. Fifth, brads will be used for the mechanisms. Lastly, thick paper will be the mechanisms. It will be the one that moves.

Tools

Scissors, Craft knife, Steel ruler, Glass paper and Glue gun, Coating Machine

First, I will use scissors to cut paper into Seal shape. Second, I will use Craft Knife to cut thick Paper to make mechanisms. Third, I will use steel ruler to measure height, length, size of my product and each materials. Next, I will use glass paper to smooth materials like wood. After, I finish cutting plywood to support seal I will rub the surface and edge of plywood to make it smoother. Fifth, I will use glue gun to stick things. For example, I’ll use glue guns to stick 2 syringes underneath plywood. Lastly, I might use coating machine to laminate Seal shaped paper. Because, it’s just paper it might get ripped so, I might use coating machine to laminate it.

Quantity

1

Quantity of my product will be only 1. Because, this is kind of demonstration of my product. And, if I make like 10 and I realize that it’s not useful and nonproductive it’s just wasting time and materials. So, I will just make 1 to test my product.

Aesthetic Appearance

(Shape, Color, Texture)

For each sections

  • Seal

The color of seal is going to be White. The texture of seal will be smooth. Because, it will be made out of paper

 

  • Plywood

Plywood will be painted to purple if I have time left in create stage. And, the shape of plywood is going to be square. The texture of plywood will be rough because, it’s wood. But, it will be not very rough because, I will rub it with glass paper.

 

  • Syringes

Color of 2 syringes will be blue. I will cover them with pretty yellow color papers to make it more childish.

 

  • Mechanisms

Mechanisms will be shape of piece of paper and it will be white and thick. The texture of mechanisms will be same as paper.

Cost

$5

The cost of my product will be 5 dollars. I think 5 dollars is appropriate for my product because, it’s normal toy and normal toy usually cost about $5.

 

9) TESTING AGAINST SPECIFICATION  list 

 

a)

 

  • Target Market

I need to make sure that my target market is Young Children. I will try my best to make it childish

 

  • Size

I need to make sure that height of my product is 27cm and width is 16.5cm by measuring them with ruler. Or comparing size of my product with stuff that has 27cm height and 16.5cm width.

 

  • Weight

I need to make sure that weight of my product is about 1.2 kg. By measuring weight of my product using scale.

 

  • Height

I can test that height of my product is 27cm by measuring length from the bottom of my product to top of my product.

 

  • Functions

I can test that seal shakes its tail and it claps its hands by using mechanisms. First, to make sure that it shakes its tail, I need to pull the stick that is part of mechanism that moves tail. If it moves by pulling the stick, I’d match my specification. Second, to make sure that seal claps its hand, I need to pull the stick, that is part of mechanism that make seal claps its hands. If seal claps its hands by pulling the stick, I’d match my specification.

 

  • Materials

I will wee if materials that I used to build my product, match with my specification. Or, I can make list of materials that I used to build my product during create stage.

 

  • Tools

I will ask Mr. Thorburn, am I using tools in my specification or if tool is suitable for each steps.  Or, I can make list of tools that I used during create stage.

 

  • Quantity

I can make sure that I’m building only 1 seal toy, by counting it. And, during create stage, I can count amounts of materials using. And make sure, I’m preparing only 1 for each material.

 

  • Aesthetic Appearance (Shape, Color, Texture)

I will check aesthetic appearance of my product matches my specification by sending survey to people. And ask them if they think my product matches my specification.

 

  • Cost

I will calculate cost of all materials used in my product, plus my effort and make sure it’s about 5 dollars

 

 

Bibliography

“Catapult Physics.” Catapult Physics. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.

“A Design and Technology Site.” A Design and Technology Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.

“Google.” School. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.

“How Does a Wheel and Axle Work in a Catapult?” WikiAnswers. Answers, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.

“Image1.” Google, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.

Navercast.com. Naver, n.d. Web.

School. N.p., n.d. Web.

“WHAT AND WHERE ARE THE SIMPLE MACHINES IN A CATAPULT?” – Yahoo!7 Answers. Yahoo!, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.

 

The Printing Press

The Printing Process

Jione Seo

HerrmannM

 

1. How did printing change the world? (What was the world like before printing)

 

Now day, If I want to publish a book I just need to write it in my computer just once. And print copies, as I want. If I want to make 1000 copies, I can make 1000 copies and if I want 20 copies I can just make 20 makes. There are no limits about making copy.

 

But, before “Johannes Van Gutenberg” invented the printing process, they have to handwrite everything. And they couldn’t make a copy so, if you publish a book and if you want to publish exact same book you had write everything again. So, there were limit of people being knowledgeable. Because, if someone discovered a new language, they couldn’t inform it to lots of people. Because, he needed to handwrite the same thing for each books.

 

So, in the old days, there were limit of people buying books. So, just the small group of people was able to be knowledgeable.

 

2. How are you transforming your contour drawing into a print?

 

First, I put tracing paper on the drawing that I’ve chose to use for printing. Then, i follow the line on my picture. So, I drew the exact same thing on the tracing paper.

 

Second, we turned over the tracing paper. When, we print the image, the image will not be same as the original image. So, we need print flipped image to get original image.

 

Third, we put tracing paper on Styrofoam plate and then etch it with pencil, tracing papers got ripped. We pushed the Styrofoam plate with pencil.

 

Fourth, we take out some printing ink with palate knife and put it on inking plate. We rolled brayer on inking plate. And, then we rolled it on our Styrofoam plate.

Lastly, we put Styrofoam plate on A4 paper. And then, we used printing press to print our drawings.

 

3. List some key words involved in the printing process, and in your own words, explain what they mean.

 

  • Johannes Gutenberg

Johannes Gutenberg is a German guy who invented the printing process

 

  • Etching

Etching is scratching. For example, we put the tracing paper on Styrofoam plate and then etch the Styrofoam plate by copying the drawing on tracing paper with pencil, strongly. We etch, scratch the Styrofoam plate.

 

  • Brayer

Brayer is roller that we rolled on the printing ink and on Styrofoam plate to get ink on Styrofoam plate.

 

  • Palate knife

Palate knife is tool that we used take out printing ink from the bottle.

 

  • Printing press

Printing press is machine that helps us to prints things. It presses the paper tightly and copies the contents to another paper.

 

  • Inking plate

Inking plate is a plate that we put ink on.

 

  • Printing ink

Printing ink is ink that we used in printing.

 

  • Printing plate

Printing plate is the original object that you print.

 

  • Tracing paper

Tracing paper is thin paper that we used to copy drawings from our sketchbook.

 

  • Styrofoam plate

Styrofoam plate is piece of Styrofoam that we etched with pencil.

 

4. Are there any changes you might make to your printing plate to make it print a more successful work of art?

 

First, I will put more ink on Styrofoam plate so I can get clearer print. Second, there were some mistakes in process of drawing in tracing paper. So, in next time I need to make share I’m copying the exact same drawing to tracing paper.

 

5. What did you learn today, that you never knew before?

 

I learnt about the printing process. I learnt that German guy name “Johannes Gutenberg” invented the printing process. And how was world like before it was invent. And what people have to do to publish books before printing process was invented. I also learn that we need to turn over the tracing paper to get successful print. And, I learnt steps to print. And, I learnt name and their uses of materials and tools used in printing process.

 

Photo on 9-16-13 at 8.53 AM copy  Photo on 9-16-13 at 8.53 AM #2  Photo on 9-16-13 at 8.51 AM  Photo on 9-16-13 at 8.42 AM

Who were the Renaissance Artists?

Who were the Renaissance Artists?

Jione Seo

HerrmannM

 

1)   Leonardo Da Vinci

      

Leonardo Da Vinci was Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, inventor and writer etc. in Renaissance. He’s famous paintings are “Mona Lisa”, “The last supper”, “Lady with an Ermine” and “Vitruvian man”. Leonardo Da Vinci still considers as the best painter. He was smart and talented at all different kind of things.

 

Leonardo Da Vinci was born in April 15, 1542 in the “Vinci”, Italia. And, he died in May 2, 1519 in “Clos Lucé”, France. His father was “Piero da Vinci” who was notary of rich family, and his mother was “Catarine” who was daughter of poor farmer. Leonardo Da Vinci’s full name is “Lionardo di ser Piero da Vinci” which means “Leonardo, son of Piero”.

 

Leonardo’s artworks were inspired by artist called “Verrocchio”. “Verrocchio” was an artist who was friend of Leonardo’s father. Leonardo Da Vinci worked in Verrocchio’s workshop and learns artistic skills and dissection of human. Leonardo was so good at art that, “Verrocchio” made Leonardo to draw and “Verrocchio” just worked on sculpture.

 

Leonardo Da Vinci’s artworks are very detail and realistic, colorful. Leonardo Da Vinci compiled the “Factual Technique” and made good combination between shading and cubic effect and expression of space. In his artwork, he used “Oil painting technique” instead of “Egg tempera technique”. “Oil painting technique” is technique that blending oil with water and “Egg tempera technique” was technique that blending yolk of an egg and water with paint which was used in Renaissance. For example, in “The Baptism of Christ” Leonardo used “Oil painting technique” to draw 2 angels in the left-hand side corner.

 

Leonardo Da Vinci used Fresco (“The Last Supper”) and Oil painting technique and sculpted marble technique in his paintings. Leonardo Da Vinci’s oils were like puppy seed oil, water-soluble oil.

 

Leonardo Da Vinci contributed the scientific knowledge during the Renaissance. He contributed the scientific knowledge by dissection of human and drawing “ The Vitruvian Man”. His anatomical drawing helped Renaissance society a lot. Also, he designed helicopter and tank.

 

I like Leonardo’s artworks and his style. In another drawing, I feel boring because they’re often so un-realistic or dark. But, in his drawing it’s full of life and the colors are mostly bright also, his drawing looks solid.

 

2)   Raphael

     

Raphael or “Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino” was an Italian painter. He was painter and architect of Renaissance. His famous paintings are “School of Athens”, Saint Catherine of Alexandria and “The Madonna of the Meadow” .He considers as most famous Renaissance Artists with “Leonardo Da Vinci” and “Michelangelo”. He’s famous for running a workshop that has 50 students and assistants.

 

Raphael was born in April 6 or March 28, 1483 in “Urbino”, Italia. Urbino was a place that his father “Giovanni Santi” worked has court painter. Raphael died in April 6, 1520 in Rome, Italia. He died in age 37. His father, “Giovanni Santi” was painter and poet as well. Raphael learnt art from his father. And, his mother “Màgia” died when he was eight”

 

Raphael learnt art from his father “Giovanni Santi” when he was young. But, after his father died in his age 11, he learnt art from “Pietro Perugino” who was master of Umbrian. Raphael and “Pietro Perugino’s drawings were similar. Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo also influenced Raphael. But Michelangelo didn’t like Raphael because he thought Raphael was against him. Raphael learnt from their paintings and drawing. Influence of Leonardo Da Vinci appears in “The Madonna of the Meadow”.

 

His art works are very fresh and ideal. His artworks are harmonic, lucidity and detail, elegance that qualify classical orders. His drawings considered as drawing that described moderation of virtue. His drawings make viewer’s eye more comfortable, and natural so, seems like he have good command of demanding technique.

 

Raphael used panel and wood, oil in his artworks until 1503. He used “Oil painting technique” like Leonardo Da Vinci did. He usually used “Oil painting technique” in his paintings but, he occasionally used tempera. He also used fresco in decoration of Stanze in the Palazzi Pontifici.

 

Raphael was one of the three greatest artists in the Renaissance along with Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo.

In my opinion, I think his drawing are very charmingly and cute and very cute. It looks nice, but I don’t think it’s realistic. In his drawings, people look like imaginary people. And, his drawings don’t look like real life.

 

Bibliography 

 

Artworks)

1) “Mona Lisa”

Vinci, Leonardo da. Mona Lisa. 1503-1506. Oil on poplar. 77 cm x 53 cm. Louvre, Paris. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6a/Mona_Lisa.jpg/677px-Mona_Lisa.jpg  12, Sep, 2013

2) “The Vitruvian Man”

Vinci, Leonardo da. Study of proportions, from Vitruvius’s De Architectura
(60 Kb); Pen and ink, 34.3 x 24.5 cm (13 1/2 x 9 5/8 in); Accademia, Venice. http://stigdragholm.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/leonardo-da-vinci-the-vitruvian-man.jpg 12, Sep, 2013

3) “The lady with an Ermine”

Vinci, Leonardo da.Lady with an Ermine 1483-90 (150 Kb); Oil on wood, 53.4 x 39.3 cm (21 x 15 1/2 in); Czartoryski Museum,Cracow http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e1/The_Lady_with_an_Ermine.jpg. 12.Sep.2013

4) “Lady with a Unicorn”

Raphael, Sanzio. Lady with a Unicorn. http://uploads7.wikipaintings.org/images/raphael/portrait-of-a-lady-with-a-unicorn-1506.jpg.  14.Sep.2013

5)“The Small Cowper Madonna”

Raphael, Sanzio. The small cowper madonna. http://www.abcgallery.com/R/raphael/raphael93.jpg 14. Sep.2013

6) “The Madonna of the Meadow”

Raphael, Sanzio. The Madonna of the Meadow. http://uploads4.wikipaintings.org/images/raphael/madonna-in-the-meadow-1506.jpg.  14.Sep.2013

 

Work Cited)

Works Cited

“Leonardo Da Vinci.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 Sept. 2013. Web. 14 Sept. 2013.

“List of Works by Leonardo Da Vinci.” – Ask.com Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2013.

“Raphael.” Navercast.com. Naver, n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2013.

“Raphael Sanzio Biography (1483-1520) – Life of Renaissance Artist.” Totally History Raphael Sanzio Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2013.

“Raphael.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 13 Sept. 2013. Web. 14 Sept. 2013.

” Raphael.High Renaissance Painter and Architect.” Raphael High Renaissance Genius. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2013.

“What Medium Did Leonardo Da Vinci Use?” Yahoo! Answers. Yahoo!, n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2013.

“What Type of Paint Did Raphael Use?” Yahoo! Answers. Yahoo!, n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2013.